Malaria takes its toll not only in lives lost, but also in medical costs, lost income, and reduced economic output.
The annual direct and indirect costs of malaria in Africa are estimated to be more than $2 billion, according to the World Health Organisation. Once seen as a consequence of poverty, malaria is now regarded as one of its causes. Experts say malaria slows economic growth in Africa by up to 1.3 percent per year. So if Africa wants to uplift their standards of living, malaria has to be eradicated because it’s detrimental to economic growth.
Individuals living in rural areas, pregnant women, the elderly, children and the poor are especially at risk to malaria because they are least likely to have the means to prevent and treat the disease. Children miss school because of malaria and suffer physically and intellectually and often cannot contribute to their families’ income through agricultural work.
The risk of malaria and malaria epidemic grows along with climate change and changes in the environment. These changes often increase the breeding sites of malaria-carrying mosquitoes, and, consequently, promote transmission of the disease. For example; currently, the Sub-Saharan countries like Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, South Sudan and Rwanda are experiencing lots of rain since February up to now in May 2018. Many floods have been witnessed in cities such as; Kampala and Nairobi causing stagnant water, which is the breeding site for mosquitoes.
Military conflicts also contribute to malaria’s spread by forcing people into new areas of exposure and by limiting access to malaria prevention and treatment. The movement of non-immune individuals — be it refugees, labourers, or international travellers — places more people at risk and has allowed malaria to re-emerge in places where it was previously in control. Declining health services and increasing drug resistance also contribute to the spread of malaria.
MALARIA IS PREVENTABLE, TREATABLE, AND CURABLE
Individuals can protect themselves against malaria by wearing protective clothing and using insect repellents such as; Roperfree mosquito repellents and bed nets.
According to the focus group research field trials indicate that insecticide-treated bed nets and curtains have the potential to reduce childhood mortality by 35%. Despite their proven efficacy, fewer than 2% of African children sleep under protective bed nets. On the other hand, some of the free bet nets provided by government are being misused so concrete plans and strategies have to be sought to save people’s lives by providing them useful information about malaria to combat misuses.
Educational resources information can be found at www.fightmalaria.co.uk
Roperfree mosquito repellents can be purchased online at www.fightmalaria.co.uk/roperfree
In Kampala Roperfree mosquito repellents and Aromatherapy can be purchased at:
- Friecca Pharmacy- Wandegeya
- WestLink Pharmacy-Quality Village Mall –Lubowa
- Roper fashions- Kampala Plaza on Kampala Road
- Kasumba Square Mall