Malaria affects the lives of almost all people living in the area of Africa defined by the southern fringes of the Sahara Desert in the north which we call the Sub- Saharan Africa. All most everyone in Sub Saharan is at risk of being infected with malaria or at one point in their life time have been a victim of the disease but most affected are the young children and pregnant mothers. Malaria is spread by mosquitoes by transmission.
Only certain species of mosquitoes of the Anopheles genus—and only females of those species—can transmit malaria. Malaria is caused by a one-celled parasite called a Plasmodium. Female Anopheles mosquitoes pick up the parasite from infected people when they bite to obtain blood needed to nurture their eggs. To avoid being bitten by mosquitoes people have to sleep in mosquito nets, and use mosquito repellents such as Roperfree Mosquito repellent which could be easily purchased online via www.fightmalaria.co.uk/roperfree and there are many organization which have come up to fight and combat malaria in so many ways such as Fight Malaria which is providing resourceful information at www.fightmalaria.co.uk
On the other hand, many governments in Sub- Saharan countries are trying by all means to sensitize and fight malaria in order to save people’s lives, in doing so they provide free treated mosquito nets, such as; in this month of February 2018, The National Malaria Control Program of Uganda is giving out free treated mosquito nets in Wakiiso and Kampala District. The program is rolling on to the entire country so that everyone could be safe from malaria plus surveillance program in order to prevent both a reintroduction of malaria parasites to local mosquito populations, and the introduction of other mosquito species that could transmit malaria more efficiently.
There are three principal ways in which malaria can contribute to death in young children. First, an overwhelming acute infection, which frequently presents as seizures or coma (cerebral malaria), may kill a child directly and quickly. Second, repeated malaria infections contribute to the development of severe anemia, which substantially increases the risk of death. Third, low birth weight – frequently the consequence of malaria infection in pregnant women – is the major risk factor for death in the first month of life. In addition, repeated malaria infections make young children more susceptible to other common childhood illnesses, such as diarrhea and respiratory infections, and thus contribute indirectly to mortality.
Malaria kills more people in sub Saharan Africa than any other disease so more effort is needed to save people’s lives by eradicating the disease from the African continent.