Mosquitoes were keys in beating back the adversaries who had not been exposed- giving some groups a huge advantage.
Malaria is thought of today as largely an “African” problem –while the disease has been eliminated in much of the rest of the world, 90% of the burden is concentrated in Africa.
But globally, there is probably no disease that has shaped human history as much as malaria which has been the hidden hand in the rise and fall of peoples, cities and civilizations, from ancient Rome to Panama and the American colonies.
In Africa, malaria was a primary factor in Bantu migration across central, eastern and southern Africa. The Bantu are thought to have originated somewhere in Cameroon/Congo, and were farmers. The pools of dirty water created by their forest clearances were the perfect breeding ground for mosquitoes – and malaria.
Because Bantu lived in villages as by that time there were no cities in their communities they were exposed to year-round plasmodium infections which killed many babies and children, but those who survived had strong immunity against the disease. As they moved across Africa, they encountered nomads and hunter-gatherers whom they sometimes fought for territory.
But more often than not, the Bantu didn’t have to fight at all, Shah writes. A couple of bites from the mosquitoes that travelled along with them did the trick in beating back incursions from their non-immune adversaries, so malaria was used as a fighting weapon to win wars and occupy new territories of land and another disease which the used as effectively as a standing army was the Tsetse fly.
In Uganda especially in Buganda the Baganda tribes used “omululuza “amygdalia herbal plant leaves to treat malaria fever and they managed to control malaria in that way up to now in deep villages.
In Uganda the bantu people used herbs to treat malaria as they knew how to blend and mixed certain herbs to eradicate malaria from their body system such herbs like “omuluza” Vernonia amygdalia (compositae/asteracaeae)
Cures: cures malaria, skin rashes (scabies)Preparation & use: for rashes, crush fresh leaves in a basin of cold water and use to bathe entire body. For malaria, crush fresh leaves and soak in cold water. strain & drink the bitter liquid. alternatively, crush roots and boil in water for half an hour then let it cool. Strain and drink 1/2 glass of the liquid once a day.
The tsetse fly too were used to fight of the enemies in order the Bantu group occupy new territories.
The tsetse fly, like the mosquito, is a vector of a parasitic disease. In the tsetse’s case, it carries trypanosomiasis, which is better known as sleeping sickness in humans and nagana in animals. Bovine (such as cattle and buffalo) and equine (horses, donkeys and zebras) animals are particularly susceptible to the disease.
The tsetse fly – found exclusively in Africa’s tropical lowlands – had a great, and often hidden, impact on settlement and productivity in Africa. The disease discouraged cattle keeping in endemic areas, which meant that communities living in those areas practiced a much less intensive form of agriculture, because of the lower likelihood of using oxen – or the plough – in farms.
Though malaria is a menace and it is still number one killer disease in Africa nut historical some groups in Africa like the Bantu used it as an advantage to occupy new territories.
Resourceful information about malaria and roperfree mosquito repellent which is an essential oil from herbs smeared on the body to prevent mosquito bites can be accessed on the above sites.
Though malaria is still a big problem especially in sub Saharan Africa but there is hope that one day it will be history we all our collective efforts.